Batteries for Tomorrow The first battery was developed by Alessandro Volta in 1800 using alternating layers of metal and blotting paper soaked in salt water. His invention looked very similar to a stack of coins, and it provided very little voltage or energy. However his creation would soon lead to many innovations that have resulted in the modern day battery. We rely on batteries for many functions that we take for granted. They have a significant impact on our lives, however most people do not know how or why they work. The first thing to understand is that all batteries are not created equally and Chrome Battery is here to help explain! Some of the most common battery compositions include Lithium Ion - found in many of our consumer electronics including: laptops, digital cameras, and cell phones, Nickel-cadmium and Nickel-metal hydride - used for the make up of many rechargeable batteries, the Alkaline based battery which is a disposable battery, and finally the sealed lead acid battery which is a deep cycle battery found in our modern day cars. One of the main criteria in judging the quality of a battery is its power and energy to weight ratio. While bigger batteries are able to provide more energy they often times do not meet the size requirements in many of our consumer electronics. Similar to developments made from Alessandro Volto's battery in the 1800's, tomorrows battery promises to be smaller and much more powerful, allowing us to perhaps operate super computers in the palm of our hand. While there hasn't been any definitive technology in the forefront, there are many competing technologies that offer a wide variety of benefits. Chrome Battery explains them below. Fuel Cell One of the most promising technologies is the fuel cell. Similar to today's batteries, a fuel cell relies on an electrochemical reaction to product energy. However what is unique about it is that it converts hydrogen and oxygen into water to produce electricity. However the benefit of the fuel cell unlike the traditional battery is that over time a traditional battery will end up losing its power, or you constantly have to recharge it; while a fuel cell is constantly being recharged due to the flow of chemicals. Although we may not see fuel cells crop up on a wide scale for at least 5 -10 years, they have very little negative effects. The first applications will be for home and small business use, providing a means for backup and supplemental power. Cars will eventually incorporate this technology to help better the environment. Once this technology has proven to be reliable in both of these categories the fuel cell may then make it to large scale power source. Nanotechnology Today, many companies are developing solar and energy storage products, based on nanotechnology using carbon nano tubes. Many believe the ultimate replacement for fossil fuels will be fulfilled by the use of photovoltaic, combined with an appropriate technology to store hydrogen. The ultimate energy cycle for future generations will then be using the sun as the primary source of energy, converting it to electricity via photovoltaic methods, using the photovoltaic electricity to electrolyze water, store the hydrogen from the electrolysis process, and use this hydrogen by reconverting it in a fuel cell into electricity. This technology will eventually result in:
- Electric field controlled hydrogen storage in carbon nano tubes, acronym to be used FHSN (Field controlled Hydrogen Storage Nano particles)
- Nickel carbon nano tube batteries, Ni/CN batteries
Batteries play a significant role in our lives and will continue to do so in the foreseeable future. The future of batteries for laptop computers, camcorder, lithium, cordless phone, UPS, alarm systems, watch, hearing aid, camera, digital camera, power tools, cordless drills, and other power supplies, is ever changing. Technologies such as fuel cells, solar cells, and improvements in the lithium ion battery significantly make our lives easier. Visit our website at http://www.chromebattery.com to learn more about all our different types of batteries.